The purpose of this paper is not to describe the Canadian experience as a sample or compendium of “good practices” or patterns to be followed, but to extract some key elements that can be taken up again in order to reflect on the situation of inclusive education in different countries or contexts. Knowing the key factors that allowed progress towards inclusion in Canada will allow us to raise new questions about the way to organise more inclusive education.
The perceptions, opinions and experiences of the interviewed professional are included in the text as brief statements and accounts that illustrate the situations, facts and contexts observed. The author’s points of view about the Canadian experience revolve around critical factors or conditions for change, which are analysed from a systemic approach.
This paper is structured in four levels that should allow decisions to be made for the purpose of proposing inclusive policies and practices in a coherent and convergent way.