Several public programs have been implemented in Mexico in order to reduce educational inequalities. Some give academic and administrative support to schools that cater to students from low-income families. Others distribute cash and in-kind transfers to students in poverty.
Evaluations of these programs have shown that, even when they are well implemented, they have scarce possibilities of attaining, of their own accord, their explicit objectives. This article looks at the factors that determine this difficulty. The conclusion is that quality education is a must in every school, and it proposes to offer all students a quality education oriented towards equity. While this turns into a true possibility, however, compensatory, and conditional cash transfer s will continue to be necessary.