This paper is a review and analysis of the Initial Professional Qualification Programs (PCPI) in Andalusia, understanding them as an effective measure for educational, social and employment inclusion of those students who complete compulsory education without a certification. For this purpose, we review the main approaches and indicators of school failure, exclusion from education and early school leaving that are happening in the educational system nowadays. We analyze the course of these programs since its implementation in 2008-2009 until nowadays, which gives us an overview of the current landscape of them through statistical data and its graphical representation, showing its benefits and possibilities. The article concludes with the contribution of different ideas and thoughts that allow us to be aware of the importance of these programs for the educational reintegration and job training of students who are targeted.
Marín Marín, J.A., García Carmona, M., & Sola Reche, J.M. (2014). Reflexión y análisis sobre los Programas de Cualificación Profesional Inicial como medida de inclusión social y educativa en Andalucía (España). REICE. Revista Iberoamericana sobre Calidad, Eficacia y Cambio en Educación, 12(1),
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