Learning and procrastination are two interrelated phenomena. In addition, both learning and procrastination appear to impact all domains of modern social life. The paper aims at identifying scientific evidences of publications between the years of 2005 and 2015 on the conceptual relationship between both phenomena. The systematic literature review method presents three categories of core concepts involving those two constructs (self-efficacy, self-regulation and the role of individual emotions and values), and the use of tools to reduce procrastination in learning environments. The paper presents an overview of the statements presented on the previous studies about the relationship of these categories with learning and procrastination. In order to help the apprehension of the presented statements, it is developed a conceptual map of the relationships between the concepts investigated by the review. We conclude that there is a bias in the epistemological views on the two phenomena, suggesting an opportunity to explore new approaches.