Inclusive Citizenship and School Enviroment in Schools: Reflections of Chile Data PISA 2009
This article presents an analysis of the relational aspects in Chile´s school system. Schools are considered one of the main scenarios where people may learn citizenship. It is also argued that school climate is a crucial element to develop human relationships and school attachment. Regarding citizenship education, the school climate can foster opportunities to put civic competencies into use through participation in “real life” situations. The article draws on a special analysis of the Pisa 2009 data base (OECD, 2009), which considers data obtained from 5669 secondary education students in 200 schools. We examine those data l in the light of the inclusive citizenship model (Kiwan, 2008) and in the context of Civic Education Study (CIVED) by International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) (Ministerio de Educación de Chile, 2009). The analysis points out some methodological challenges to enhance the school climate, civic knowledge and participation in schools. Data indicate that students feel particularly connected to their schools. This engagement could provide opportunities for improving citizenship education.
Citizen participation, Citizenship education, School climate, Inclusive education, Inclusive schools.
Full text in Spanish
Maiztegui, C., González-Navarro, M., & Santibáñez, R. (2013). Ciudadanía Inclusiva y Clima Escolar en los Centros Educativos: Reflexiones sobre el Caso de Chile a partir de los datos del Informe PISA 2009. International Journal of Education for Social Justice (RIEJS), 2(1), 69-81.